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2.8 Important Dates

-1099: The crusaders take back Jerusalem and the Holy Land.
-1118/1119: Hughes de Payns organised a group of knights aiming to protect the pilgrims.
-1126/1130: The Templars receive their first fort in Spain, Calatrava.
-1128: The Pope Honorius II gives the Templars their first Constitution.
-1132: First recorded battle of the Templars in Grayana, Portugal.
-1134: The Templars refused the kingdom of Spain left to them, the Hospitallers and the Canons of the Holy Sepulchre by the dead King Alphonse d’Aragon.
-1136: Death of Hughes de Payns replaced by Robert de Craon.
-1238: The Pope Gregory IX in a bull defines the responsibility of the Templars in the protection of the pilgrims.
First battle in the Holy Land. Defeat of Teqoa.
-1139: Pope Innocent II’s Bull Omne Datum Optimum.
The Templars can build their own churches and chapels.
-1147: Pope Eugene III gives the Templars their cross to attach on their white cloak.
-1148: Battle of the Canyon Pisidie.
-1150: King Baldwin III gives the fortified town of Gaza to the Templars.
-1153: Ascalon is taken.
-1158: The kings of England and France entrust the Templars to keep the castle of Gisors in deposit during the few months of their disagreement.
-1165: The Templars receives the towns of Tartous and Saphet.
-1174: Death of the Master Everard des Barres.
Death of King Amaury succeeded by Baldwin IV aged thirteen.
-1177: Victory of Montgisard.
-1183: Saladin becomes the head of Egypt and Syria.
-1185: Consecration of the London Temple by Patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem.
-1187: Defeat of Hattin. Loss of Gaza, Ascalon, Acre …
The crusaders loose Jerusalem.
-1193: Gilbert Erail is elected Master.
Death of Saladin.
-1198: Foundation of the Teutonic Knights Military Order.
-1218: Fort Chatel-Pélerin constructed and entrusted to the Templars.
-1229: The Jaffa treaty gives back Sidon and Toron to the Crusaders as well as a part of Jerusalem.
The Emperor Frederick II leaves the Holy Land.
-1241: First open battle between Templars on one side and Hospitaller and Teutonic Knights on the other.
-1244: The Holy Grounds of Jerusalem are destroyed by the Khwarismiens.
Jerusalem is definitely lost.
Louis IX becomes a Templars.
-1245: The Egyptian Sultan takes Damascus.
-1247: The Egyptians take Tiberiade and the town of Ascalon.
Frederick II is put aside by the Pope as king of Jerusalem.
The new king is Henry, King of Cyprus.
-1249: Louis IX takes back Damiette from the Egyptians.
-1250: Defeat of al-Mansura.
-1258: Battle between the Hospitallers allied to Genoa and the Templars supporting Pisa and Venice.
-1270: End of the war between the Templars and the Hospitallers.
-1265/1268: The Sultan Baibars take Alep, Damascus, Césarée, Saphet, Jaffa, Beaufort and Antioche.
-1271: Baibars take Chatel-Blanc and the Crac des Chevaliers.
-1286: Henry II King of Cyprus becomes also King of Jerusalem.
-1288: Tripoli is taken.
-1291: Acre is taken by the Moslems.
-1303: The island of Rouad, the last piece of land held by the Templars surrendered.
-1307: All the Templars in France are arrested on 13 October following the order of the King, Philip the Fair.
On 14 October a Royal Manifesto clarified the accusations.
-1308: States General are summoned in Tours by the French King on 25 March.
Trial by the Pope of 72 Templars.
-1309: Meeting in Paris of the first ecclesiastic Commission.
-1310: The Commission resumes its interrogation on 6 February.
Fifty-four Templars who had come back on their confession are burned to death near Paris.
-1311: The Commission finished its work on 5 June.
The Vienne Council opened on 16 October.
-1312: Suppression of the Templar Order (22 March).
Transfer of the Templar properties to the Hospitallers (2 May).
-1313: Death of Nogaret and Guillaume de Plaisians.
-1314: Jacques de Molay and Geoffrey de Charnay are burned on the stake in Paris.
Death of Clement V on 19 April.
Death of Philip the Fair on 29 November.
-1315: Enguerrand de Marigny is hanged on 30 April.