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16.2 Historical, Philosophical, and Sociological Criticism

Historically, the debate of whether creationism is compatible with science can be traced back to 1874, the year science historian John William Draper published his “History of the Conflict between Religion and Science”. In it Draper portrayed the entire history of scientific development as a war against religion. Andrew Dickson White went even further in his essay “A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom”.

In the United States, the principal focus of creation science advocates is on the government-supported public school systems, which are prohibited by the Establishment Clause from promoting specific religions.